Friday, May 22, 2020

Importance of Your Biological Sex as a Determinant of your...

â€Å"How important is your biological sex as a determinant of your gender expression? Is gender a socially constructed performance†? Throughout society, gender roles are often perceived to be typical male or female stereotypes. This can be seen through almost all television programs and often refers society expecting males to love cars, sports, drinking beer, be masculine and work in a type of trade. The same goes for women, society perceives women to love shopping, work in offices, nurture or care for children and love to express feelings. This essay will explore how gender roles are actually quite different than expressed through media, shown through sexuality, culture, workplace related issues and gender roles. Sexuality: In society,†¦show more content†¦Colemen J (2011) suggested that Females often show characteristics that represent kindness, for example nurturing, whereas males often show characteristics of a gatherer for the family, for example earning income to keep the family alive. In today’s society, stay at home dads are still a minority, however gender roles are beginning to change. Some women are more inclined to be working from 9 till 5 while their husbands or partners are staying at home caring for their child. Behavioural: Our behavioural aspects also can impact our gender impression. Rape is often perceived as a outrageous act between a man forcing sexual intercourse upon a woman, however this is not always the case. As stated by the centre of disease control and prevention (2012) from 2004 to 2006 approximately 105,187 females and 6,2526 males reported being victims of sexual assault. However men are still a very small minority, having 42,661 less cases reported within the two year survey they still fall victims to rape. This can come in two different forms, male on male rape and female on male rape. Rape often occurs when one wants to express their dominance. when a female rapes a man, they are seeking dominance as well. This shows that females who rape show traits of male gender expression. (gender roles, stay at home dads, women working 9-5 Workplace - women do lots of jobs that men would typically do eg, labourers.) Workplace: Often throughout our workplaces, typically men are portrayed to workShow MoreRelatedCOM3702 Portfolio10930 Words   |  44 PagesHISTORY OF COMMUNICATION POLICY 4 2.1.1 Paradigms of communication policy 4 2 1.2 Emerging Communication industry policy 5 2.1.3 Public service media policy 6 2.2 FREEDOM OF MEDIA 7 2.2.1 The need for freedom of expression 7 2.2.2 Threats to it 7 2.2.3 If, how and why such threats can or cannot be motivated 7 3. MEDIA MANAGEMENT AND MEDIA MARKETS 3.1.1 The relationship of competition to concentration 8 2.1.2 The dual nature of the mediaRead MoreObservation Of Various Life Stages5410 Words   |  22 Pagessituational/environmental-related factors, as well as theories. A referral list of recourses available in their community, oriented to provide help to their age/stage range is also included. Description of the Settings. Life Stage: Early Adolescence Gender: Female Ethnicity/Race: 35% Caucasian; 35% Black; and 30% Latinas Place of observation (institution): Girls Inc. Club, Sarasota, Florida, U.S. Ages: Group A: 10 adolescents. Ages: 12-14 years Observation Duration: 90 minutes Ages: Group B: 10 adolescentsRead MoreMarriage12231 Words   |  49 Pageschildren. So long as the sex relationship remained unregulated, it was maternity alone which could be known. Paternity could not be determined. It is logical to say that at some stage of human development, the necessity arose for demarcating possession and ownership of material belongings as a natural consequence of human behavior and the human male was seized with the idea of knowing his children. This was not possible if sex promiscuity continued to be the rule. If sex relationship could be madeRead MorePerson Centered Theory7387 Words   |  30 Pagesmeans that self-actualization occurs when a person’s â€Å"ideal self† (i.e. who they would like to be) is congruent with their actual behaviour (self-image). Rogers describes an individual who is actualizing as a fully functioning person. The main determinant of whether we will become self-actualized is childhood experience. Carl Rogers Personality Development Central to Rogers personality theory is the notion of self or Self-Concept. This is defined as the organised, consistent set of perceptionsRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography: Plagiarism39529 Words   |  158 Pagesself-plagiarism, scientific misconduct, and VACCINE: Protecting the science and the public. Organization, 19(6): 881- 889. Global Health Bibliography Carabali, J. M. and Hendricks, D. (2012), Dengue and health care access: the role of social determinants of health in dengue surveillance in Colombia. Global Health Promotion, 19(4): 45-50. Deguen, S., Sà ©gala, C., Pà ©drono, G. and Mesbah, M. (2012), A New Air Quality Perception Scale for Global Assessment of Air Pollution Health Effects. Risk AnalysisRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesphotocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designationsRead MoreImpact of Television Advertisements on the Buying Decision of Consumers of Consumer Durables17484 Words   |  70 Pagesconsistency of the data and helping to bring out hid den trends more relevantly. 1.13 CHAPTER SCHEME The study has been divided in to the following five chapters: 1. In the first chapter, the researcher gives a brief introduction on the importance of advertising objects of the study, scope of the study, methodology used, tools of analysis; and limitations of the study, 2. The second chapter attempts to give a review of literature, 3. The third chapter throws light on the theoreticalRead MoreOcd - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment131367 Words   |  526 Pagesprint number: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 LIMITED PHOTOCOPY LICENSE The Publisher grants to individual purchasers of this book nonassignable permission to reproduce the appendices of this book. This license is limited to you, the individual purchaser, for use with your own clients and patients. It does not extend to additional clinicians or practice settings, nor does purchase by an institution constitute a site license. This license does not grant the right to reproduce these materials for resale, redistributionRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesAppendix I Glossary 673 Appendix II References 683 Name Index 705 Subject Index 709 Combined Index 713 iii This page intentionally left blank CONTENTS Preface xvii INTRODUCTION 1 3 THE CRITICAL ROLE OF MANAGEMENT SKILLS The Importance of Competent Managers 6 The Skills of Effective Managers 7 Essential Management Skills 8 What Are Management Skills? 9 Improving Management Skills 12 An Approach to Skill Development 13 Leadership and Management 16 Contents of the Book 18 OrganizationRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesand decolonization—they cover in depth the defining phenomena of that epoch, which, as the essays demonstrate, very often connect in important ways with these and other major developments. The opening essays of this collection underscore the importance of including the late 1800s in what is best conceived as a â€Å"long† twentieth century. The 4 †¢ INTRODUCTION contributions by Jose Moya and Adam McKeown and Howard Spodek consider in nuanced detail key developments in transport and communication

Saturday, May 9, 2020

A Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen Essay - 806 Words

In a patriarchal marriage the male holds control and power of property, moral authority and, social privilege, over women, at least to a large amount. The husband acts and thinks like their wife’s father. This makes the woman attracted to the man. As weird as it may seem, male have always been dominant of women. Women were not able to vote or own property for many years. In some places they had a limit of how many children they could have. It wasn’t until August 1920, that the 19th amendment was added to the US Constitution, allowing women to finally vote. In 1879, Henrik Ibsen wrote the play, â€Å"A Doll’s House† and it shows us the way marriage functions during this time, in a patriarchal society. The way the Helmer’s spoke to one another, shows us that their marriage was patriarchal and Nora had no power over anything at all. Torvald was like Nora’s father figure. He was the one who took care of her, focused on the work, and made all the decisions in their relationship. He also decided how their money was spent. Not only did he control their money, but he even controlled what she ate, like a father controls his little child not to eat too many sweets. Torvald approaches Nora by saying, â€Å"Hasn’t Miss-Sweet Tooth been breaking rules in town today?† (pg. 166). This shows she has a set of rules she must follow and if she breaks them she could get into trouble with Torvald. This reinforces the patriarchal marriage. Furthermore, in the same scene, she begs Torvald for money, likeShow MoreRelatedHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House1563 Words   |  7 Pages In the play, A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen, the title itself symbolizes the dependent and degraded role of the wife within traditional marriages. Ibsen portrayed the generous nature root into women by society, as well as the significant action of this nature, and lastly the need for them to find their own voice in a world ruled by men. Ibsen wrote this play in 1879, this is the era where women were obedient to men, tend the children until their husband came home, and stood by the Cult of DomesticityRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1717 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"A Doll, a Partner, and a Change† Social movement of women liberation toward equal rights and independence has been a big subject in human history. It happens not only in Europe but also all over the world. Though making progress, this movement has been advancing slowly and encountered backslashes from time to time. Maybe there is something deeply hidden which the society has not figured out yet, even women themselves. What do women want, freedom or good life? Most of the time, they are notRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1291 Words   |  6 Pages A Doll s House by Henrik Ibsen, is a play that has been written to withstand all time. In this play Ibsen highlights the importance of women’s rights. During the time period of the play these rights were neglected. Ibsen depicts the role of the woman was to stay at home, raise the children and attend to her husband during the 19th century. Nora is the woman in A Doll House who plays is portrayed as a victim. Michael Meyers said of Henrik Ibsen s plays: The common denominator in many of IbsenRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1288 Words   |  6 Pages Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House is based in the Victorian society of the 19th century. It assesses the many struggles and hardships that women faced because of marriage â€Å"laws† that were crucial during that time period. The society was male- dominated with no equality. Nora is the protagonist in A Doll’s House and the wife of a man named Torvald. This play is about Nora’s voyage to recognizing her self- determination and independence. She transforms from a traditional, reserved woman to a new, independentRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1298 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"There is beauty in truth, even if it s painful. Those who lie, twist life so that it looks tasty to the lazy, brilliant to the ignorant, and powerful to the weak. But lies only strengthen our defects. They don t teach anything, help anything, fix anything or cure anything. Nor do they develop one s character, one s mind, one s heart or one s soul.† (Josà © N. Harris). Nora Helmer’s choice to lie and deceive is inappropriate and wrong for women to do to her husband during this time period; itRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1037 Words   |  5 PagesHenrik Ibsen s A Doll s House is a work of literature genius. This three-act play involves many literary technics that are undermined by the average reader such as the fact that the plot shows the main characters Torvald and his wife Nora live the perfect life. An ironic paradox based around the fact that Nora and Torvald’s relationship is the complete opposite of perfect. Also, bringing upon a conflict as well, appearance versus reality. These little hidden meanings within stories are what areRead MoreHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House Essay1501 Words   |  7 PagesHenrik Ibsen’s play â€Å"A Doll House† was set in the Victorian era, a time where women were highly respected. Women in this time period did not work, they had nannies to take care of their children and maids to take care of their homes. Many women had no real responsibilities, they spent their time having tea parties and socializing with their friends. Henrik Ibsen dared to show the realism of the Victorian era while everyone else would only focus on the romantic aspect. In the play, â€Å"A Doll House†Read MoreA Doll s House : Henrik Ibsen962 Words   |  4 PagesDrama Analysis A Doll’s House (Henrik Ibsen) And Trifles (Susan Glaspell) In comparing both dramas, the overwhelming aspect of convergence between both is the open discussion of gender identity. Both dramas make similar points about what it means to be a woman. Modern society in both dramas is constructed with men holding power over women. This is seen in Trifles in how men like George Henderson and Mr. Hale are myopic. The premise of the drama is how women worry over trifles, and the dismissiveRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1421 Words   |  6 PagesIn A Doll’s House, Henrik Ibsen examines conventional roles of men and women in the nineteenth century. In the play, Nora exemplifies the conventional feminine standard during that period. She seems to be powerless and confines herself through high standard expectations, demonstrating what the role of a women would be as a wife and mother. The protagonist of A Doll’s House is a woman named Nora Helmer. Ibsen shows how Nora’s design of perfect life gradually transforms when her sec ret unravels. InRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen876 Words   |  4 PagesA Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen A Doll’s House takes place in the home of Torvald and Nora Helmer. Through conversation with Nora’s good friend Kristine Linde it is revealed that Mr. Helmer was ill around the same time Nora’s father died. Luckily Nora’s father left her enough money that Torvald and Nora could go on a life saving trip to Italy. But the truth comes out when we find out Nora’s father did not leave her a penny. We find out that Nora got a hold of the money through a loan but she signed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Critical Analysis on the Philosophy of Education Free Essays

A philosophy of education, as a requirement for admission to any sort of education program, has within it the inherent fault that it may not be a truthful reflection of the applicant. Defining an instructor’s philosophy, in regards to any area of supposed expertise, often results in page upon page of self-platitudes, false impressions and the required buzzwords. Does such an exercise actually reflect on the true actions and intentions of the instructor in regards to his methodology, success and creativity in the classroom setting? Does it accurately reflect his relationship to his students, and vice versa? Is such a philosophy something that can be accurately described in mere words, or is it something better viewed in the physical space of learning? It appears that most philosophies beg, borrow and steal from the latest theories of what is considered to be the well-rounded educator. We will write a custom essay sample on Critical Analysis on the Philosophy of Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now The writer is forced to fill the required assignment with various educational stances and statements while often never developing their own personal mission statement. They are often afraid to say what they truly believe in, instead stating what they think those that judge the work are seeking. Such a philosophy can be seen on paper, but is it visible in the classroom setting? Can you tell how talented, or horrible, a teacher I am from this simple reading? Or would a trip into my classroom for an entire day give a more comprehensive and factual assessment of my true educational philosophy. My philosophy, or what I practice everyday in the educational setting, is simple and memorable. This philosophy, which has so far been successful in my short career, is to actually know your students and treat them as individuals. When teaching becomes difficult, always remember that they are only kids. Each one is vastly different than the next, and no two are even remotely alike. Each has varied interests, faults, problems, successes and distractions. Each has different, though not necessarily wrong, expectations, results and goals. There are no perfect students, and each must be evaluated on their own personal gains. The first step in accomplishing this philosophy of respect is focused, as everything should be, on the student. So often teachers grumble about the absence of respect aimed towards them, all the while ignoring the need for the student’s own validation of worthiness as an individual and simply not an occupied seat. Every year, six or seven students are removed from other classes and placed into mine. In each instance, demeaning remarks from an instructor orlack of communication? is the reason for the switch. I have found adapting my approach towards these students is often all that is needed to seem some educational gains. Does this mean that every student succeeds? Of course not, but those that make the effort without simply giving up do succeed, even if it is unnoticed by others. I attempt to do simple enforcement of this philosophy everyday in, and out of, the classroom. For example, I attempt to avoid being patronizing and condescending. I recommend teachers actually listen to the students when they talk, and when they do not utter a word. Treat all students the same, but also as individuals who are each unique in their own incredible way. They are just kids, so don’t expect perfection. It is fine to set reasonable and challenging goals for students in relation to their skills and talents, but to expect them to live up to unattainable standards, such as your own, dooms them to failure. Know their limitations, and your own. All of this involves the instructor to take the time, effort and interest in actually knowing each student as the individual they truly are, both in and outside of the school setting. Failure to do so limits the effectiveness of any type of learning endeavor. The only losers in such a situation are the students themselves and may be detrimental to the entire educational process. Such loss that may possibly be subtle enough to go unnoticed by all those involved. My education philosophy is not one thousand words in length, nor do I believe that any such personal mission statement should be expected to accomplish this feat. To do so would cloud its importance in vague assumptions and possibly pompous platitudes. It should be seen every day in the success, failure, effort, sacrifices, and abilities of the individual student, not in words and phrases with questionable intentions. Such a value statement can only be seen in the educational setting. How to cite Critical Analysis on the Philosophy of Education, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Leaves Of Grass Essays - Jorge Luis Borges, Leaves Of Grass

Leaves Of Grass I attended one of the many presentations at the Book Fair in MDCC Wolfson Campus on Thursday 18, 199 at 7:30pm. This presentation was called ?Art and Literature in Argentina? and it was the introduction of the new translation of ?Leaves of Grass? (Hojas de Hierva). ?Leaves of Grass? is a book full of inspiring poems; Walt Whitman issued the first of many editions more than 100 years ago in 1895. Many writers translated this book into many languages, especially into Spanish but its best translation was by the famous author and poet ?Jorge Luis Borges?. ?Leaves of Grass? is a volume of poetry in a new kind of versification because he praised the human body and glorified the senses. Walt Whitman was forced to publish the book at his own expense and his name did not appear on the title page, but he poses in the inside. Whitman spent the rest of his life striving to become a great poet. In 1855 edition of ?Leaves of Grass? contained 12 untitled poems, written in long cadenced lines that resemble the unrhymed verse of the king of James Version in the Bible. No other poem in the first edition has the power of this poem, although ?The Sleepers?, another visionary flight, symbolizing life, death, and rebirth, comes nearest. In 1856 Walt Whitman put together another edition of Leaves of Grass, with revisions and additions; he would continue to revise the collection throughout his life. The most significant 1856 poem is ?Crossing Brooklyn Ferry? he was originally from New York. In his third edition (1860) Whitman began to give his poetry a m ore allegorical structure. He added musical poems, and poems that dealed with sexual love and male friendship. In 1865 there was a new edition of Leaves that reflected Whitman's deepening awareness of the significance of the American Civil War and the hope for reconciliation between North and South. Finally, in 1881, Whitman arranged his poems to his satisfaction, but he continued to add new poems to the various editions of Leaves of Grass until the final version was produced in 1892. All his poems were included in the definitive ?Reader's Edition? of Leaves of Grass (1965), edited by Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley. Whitman suffered a stroke the left him partially paralyzed and he dedicated his time writing and revising Leaves of Grass, despite his failing health, until his death. In his later years Whitman also wrote some prose of lasting value, essays in Democratic Vistas. Today, Whitman's poetry has been translated into every major language. It is recognized as a formative influence on the work of some other American writers and some Spanish writers as well. One of these writers that brought Whitman's inspiration into the Spanish knowledge and awareness was Jorge Luis Borges. Borges was born in Argentina and he was a writer and author of famous books and poems such as: ?Borges y Yo? whose challenging avant-garde poems and tales made him one of the foremost figures in Latin American and world literature. Borges was the son of a teacher and educated, he helped found several literary and philosophical periodicals and wrote lyrical poetry on historical Argentine themes, as expressed in such collections Cuaderno San Martin, Luna de enfrente, and others. In 1955 Borges taught English at the University of Buenos Aires and turned from poetry to the short narrative fiction for which he is now famous. Jorge Luis Borges also wrote philosophical and literary essays, he invented a new way of free verse without proses. Borges created a fantastic, totally subjective, and deeply metaphysical world. His work is demanding and difficult to comprehend because Borges created his own symbolism; it is, however, greatly admired by other writers and scholars. Describing his work, Borges wrote: ? I am neither a thinker nor a moralist, but simply a man of letters who turns his own perplexities and that respected system of perplexities we call philosophy into the forms of literature?; Borges died in June 14, 1986 but before his death he translated many works of other English writers. ?Leaves of Grass?, ? Leon Felipe? both written by Walt Whitman. Finally in 1998 The Society of Argentinean writers asked Perez Celis (recognized

Friday, March 20, 2020

Free Essays on Marty

Lonely Marty Minor characters can often play major roles in the outcome of a play or tale. In Paddy Chayefsky’s play Marty, there are several minor characters that contribute to Marty’s life in a major way. The play without these characters would decrease the motivation and purpose shown by the main characters of the story. With each interaction with one of these minor characters, the main character learns more about his situation, human nature, and perhaps even the opposite sex in general. The most important minor character role in Marty would have to be the young man who tries to offload his date onto Marty. This slight individual creates an extraordinary situation for the main character which affects severely the outcome of the play. Although the play never mentions this character’s name, his shallow and superficial acts contribute greatly to Marty’s continuing relationship with Clara. His presence represents a major role that contrasts Marty’s character traits and reflects more of what the audience knows about Marty. This person also sets the scene for the internal conflict within the main character when he approaches Marty with a proposition. â€Å"I got stuck onna blind date with a dog, and I just picked up a nice chick, and I was wondering how I’m gonna get ridda the dog. [. . .] I be glad to pay you five bucks if you take the dog home for me.† (2.16). Without this minor character, Marty probably would have never met Clara and the emotion displayed at the end of the play would be changed significantly. The lead in of his family and friends remarks about his lack of a wife would be bare and not foreshadow as much to the great change in Marty’s life. â€Å"Well, Marty, when you gonna get married? You should be ashamed. All your brothers and sisters, they all younger than you, and they married, and they got children.† (1.9). With no severe change in Marty’s life, these comments would predict nothi... Free Essays on Marty Free Essays on Marty Lonely Marty Minor characters can often play major roles in the outcome of a play or tale. In Paddy Chayefsky’s play Marty, there are several minor characters that contribute to Marty’s life in a major way. The play without these characters would decrease the motivation and purpose shown by the main characters of the story. With each interaction with one of these minor characters, the main character learns more about his situation, human nature, and perhaps even the opposite sex in general. The most important minor character role in Marty would have to be the young man who tries to offload his date onto Marty. This slight individual creates an extraordinary situation for the main character which affects severely the outcome of the play. Although the play never mentions this character’s name, his shallow and superficial acts contribute greatly to Marty’s continuing relationship with Clara. His presence represents a major role that contrasts Marty’s character traits and reflects more of what the audience knows about Marty. This person also sets the scene for the internal conflict within the main character when he approaches Marty with a proposition. â€Å"I got stuck onna blind date with a dog, and I just picked up a nice chick, and I was wondering how I’m gonna get ridda the dog. [. . .] I be glad to pay you five bucks if you take the dog home for me.† (2.16). Without this minor character, Marty probably would have never met Clara and the emotion displayed at the end of the play would be changed significantly. The lead in of his family and friends remarks about his lack of a wife would be bare and not foreshadow as much to the great change in Marty’s life. â€Å"Well, Marty, when you gonna get married? You should be ashamed. All your brothers and sisters, they all younger than you, and they married, and they got children.† (1.9). With no severe change in Marty’s life, these comments would predict nothi...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

The Obama Administrations Animal Protection Record

The Obama Administrations Animal Protection Record Expectations were high during President Barack Obama’s election campaign, and for good reason. Obama and VP Joe Biden both had great records on animal protection issues heading into the election, and won the endorsement of the Humane Society Legislative Fund. Also before the election, Obama participated in Jana Kohls book against puppy mills, A Rare Breed of Love, and promised to adopt a rescue dog. One pre-election disappointment was Obamas statement that a hunter should head the Department of the Interior. Despite pleas from animal advocates, Obama appointed a hunter, Senator Ken Salazar, as Secretary of the Interior. However, Obama also appointed Tom Vilsack, recommended by the Humane Society Legisative Fund, as Secretary of Agriculture. Fast-forward to the present, and Obamas actions since taking office have been a mixed bag: January, 2009: Obama Suspends Delisting of Grey WolvesOn his first day in office, Obama put a freeze on a number of federal regulations adopted by the Bush administration in its final days, including the delisting of grey wolves under the Endangered Species Act. This gave the wolves a temporary reprieve, and gave animal advocates hope.March, 2009: Grey Wolves in Northern Rockies DelistedJust weeks after giving hope to animal advocates, the Obama administration delisted wolves under the Endangered Species Act. Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, a hunter and rancher himself, cleared the way for individual states to begin killing wolves in order to protect animal agribusiness interests.March, 2009: Slaughter of Downed Cows Banned in the USSecretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack banned the slaughter of downer cows - cows who are too sick, weak or injured to stand on their own. The decision was applauded by animal advocates across the country.April, 2009: Obama Breaks Promise to Rescue a DogThis was the most disappointing move, probably because it was so unexpected. By getting a dog from a breeder, Obama broke his promise to animal advocates and reinforced the misconception that people cannot get their dog of choice from a shelter or rescue group. The Obamas decision will lead to puppy mills churning out Portuguese water dogs, and one breeder of PWDs described the sudden demand for the breed as general mayhem. April, 2009: Scientific Requirements of Endangered Species Act RestoredSecretary of Commerce Gary Locke and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced a revocation of the Bush administrations weakening of the Endangered Species Act. With this move, the Obama administration brought back the ESAs longstanding scientific requirements and fulfilled Obamas promise to reverse the Bush administrations change.May, 2009: Polar Bears Wont be Protected from Global Warming Ken Salazar, Obamas Secretary of the Interior, failed to overturn a Bush-era rule that weakens the Endangered Species Act and jeopardizes the survival of polar bears.June, 2009: Michelle Obama is Fur-Free More of a personal stance than a political one, but like the decision to accept a dog from a breeder, the first couples actions are highly influential.June, 2009: Obama to Nominate Sam D. Hamilton, a Hunter, as Head of USFWS Obama announces his intention to place an avid hunter in charge of our nations National Wildlife Refuges. June, 2009: Obama Swats, Kills Fly Obama swats and kills a fly on camera, during an interview with CNBC.July, 2009: Animal Protection Views Hold Up Nomination of Cass Sunstein Although the nomination has been stalled, Obama deserves credit for appointing an animal advocate in his administration.November, 2009: Critical Habitat for Polar Bears Proposed The Obama administration proposes the designation of over 200,000 square miles of Alaskan land, water and ice as critical polar bear habitat. While the designation would be a good first step, the proposal still allows oil and gas drilling and does nothing to address climate change.November, 2009: BLM Removes Thousands of Wild Horses to Make Room for Millions of Cattle The Obama administration continues a long-standing policy of removing wild horses while allowing cattle to graze on public lands.November, 2009: Obama Pardons Turkey Obama continues a 20-year tradition of pardoning a turkey for Thanksgiving, but adds his own comments. Continued on Page 2 Questions or comments? Discuss in the Forum

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Does Board Gender Diversity Have a Financial Impact Evidence Using Article

Does Board Gender Diversity Have a Financial Impact Evidence Using Stock Portfolio Performance - Article Example Market operators like securities exchanges, regularly give best corporate governance practice guidelines. Market operators and law breakers started addressing women under-representation in the corporate world’s upper echelons. For example, in UK and Australia, the operators suggest that companies listed explain and disclose their self-assessed performance and chosen diversity policy (AICD, 2012). The growing regulation targets on board gender diversity and the development of the entire corporate board diversity. In portfolio approach, gender diversity provides an extensive economic development over firm-level analysis. Forming portfolio requires the averaging out of firm-specific characteristics, getting rid of heterogeneity issues and reduction of neglected variable problems. The research of corporate governance is affected by endogeneity, such as reverse causality, omitted variables and heterogeneity among samples (Adams & Ferreira, 2009). Therefore, portfolios accurately reflect the impact of new regulation on the entire market. In addition, portfolio statistics shows that the board diversity adoption has led to a significant transition. Between 2004 and 2010, sampled companies’ percentages with diverse boards increased to 36% and 42%. After self-regulation (2011), a total of 52% of the sampled companies reported that they have diverse boards. For example, the Institute of Company managers in Australia stated to have recruited women in a relatively large number to boards since 2010 (AICD, 2012). Hence, self-regulation contributed hugely to diversity growth in firms. Firms’ portfolio aggregate returns can examine diversity. It is carried out through comparing the diversity-boards with non-diversity boards and boards that have varying degrees of diversity. The diversity boards have more than one woman representing the directors while the non-diversity boards have none. According to research, the boards with woman representation have more